As Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday held talks with China’s President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the BRICS Summit in South Africa, amid a stand-off between the two countries in Ladakh, government sources listed exclusively for Smartkhabrinews the reasons forcing Beijing to de-escalate the situation at the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

India’s Concerns and Agreement on Disengagement

According to Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra, PM Modi, in the conversation with Xi, highlighted India’s concerns on the unresolved issues along the LAC in the Western sector of the India-China border areas. The two leaders agreed to direct their relevant officials to intensify efforts at expeditious disengagement and de-escalation. PM Modi underlined that maintenance of peace and tranquillity in border areas, respecting the LAC, is essential for the normalization of India-China ties, Kwatra said.

The Infrastructure Push

According to sources, one of the primary reasons compelling China to improve the situation is India’s infrastructural push at the LAC following the Galwan incident:

Developments Details
Bridges, Roads, Tunnels India has invested significantly in constructing bridges, roads, tunnels, and helipads to facilitate smooth troop movement.
Expansion Beyond Ladakh Similar infrastructural development has been undertaken in Arunachal and Sikkim.
Mega Road Projects Large-scale road projects are currently underway.
Future Connectivity By 2026, an “alternative” route will connect western Ladakh and Zanskar Valley directly from Manali.

In March, the Government of India established a committee to oversee development around the LAC, with top secretaries from relevant ministries providing supervision. This infrastructural push became necessary following the deployment of additional troops.

International Considerations

Sources suggest that China cannot afford to further antagonize the international community. Concerns are raised over issues such as Uighur human rights, Tibet, and Taiwan. Additionally, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has yet to launch, while China’s image is tarnished in countries like Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

The global perception holds China responsible for the economic downturn in Sri Lanka. Moreover, countries including Sri Lanka, Maldives, Laos, Australia, Angola, Greece, Djibouti, and Kenya are already caught in China’s debt trap. Criticisms of these policies extend beyond India, with Japan voicing concerns over the East China Sea. Similarly, China’s aggressive stance in the South China Sea faces objections from Philippines, Vietnam, and Malaysia. China’s military threats are being felt by Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Brunei.

Sources emphasize that India seeks peace along the border and will continue engaging with China. With the necessary infrastructure in place and defense capabilities established, decisions will be reached through dialogue.

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